National Technology Day 2023: History, Milestones, Major Announcements, More

India is celebrating its twenty fifth Nationwide Expertise Day immediately. Yearly on Could 11, the nation honours and acknowledges the contributions of scientists and engineers. The day marks India’s profitable nuclear assessments, code-named Operation Shakti, in Pokhran in 1998, which have been carried out beneath the management of former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee first declared Could 11 as Nationwide Expertise Day in 1999 to honour Indian scientists, engineers, and technologists. 

Let’s take a fast look again on the day’s commemorated historical past.


In 1974, beneath the management of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, India made its first tentative foray into nuclear energy. The Pokhran-I take a look at was carried out by Gandhi in 1974 on Buddha Purnima. The take a look at was described as a “peaceable nuclear explosion” to appease Western nations and stop the hazard of sanctions from them. 

Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had properly know dream of creating India a nuclear-capable state. When he first turned Prime Minister in 1996, he tried to fulfil this long-standing dream. Nevertheless, earlier than the plans may have been formed, his authorities fell in simply 13 days. 

In 1998, the scenario was a little bit completely different. The Bharatiya Janata Celebration got here again to energy in March 1998 and Atal Bihari Vajpayee as soon as once more turned the Prime Minister of India. R Chidambaram, the top of the Division of Atomic Vitality (DAE), and APJ Abdul Kalam, the chief of DRDO, have been known as on April 8 to obtain approval for the nuclear assessments. The whole operation was overseen by Prime Minister Vajpayee and his principal secretary, Brajesh Mishra, who saved the operation beneath tight management from the Prime Minister’s Workplace. The operation was carried out with utmost secrecy, and solely the House Minister on the time, LK Advani, was knowledgeable.

Even Defence Minister George Fernandes was notified of the assessments on Could 9, whereas the three military chiefs and international secretary have been knowledgeable over the subsequent three days. The Cupboard Committee on Safety shared the data on Could 11, the day of the primary explosion. 

The Pokhran operation was achieved by a crew led by Ok Santhanam, the director of take a look at website preparation, together with nuclear scientists and engineers, who arrived in Pokhran in Could 1998, accompanied by Kalam and Chidambaram. The crew labored beneath cowl of darkness to evade detection by US spy satellites and dug tunnels when the satellites weren’t overhead. They disguised themselves in military uniforms and dug bomb shafts beneath camouflage. The nuclear gadgets have been transported from varied places within the nation to keep away from arousing suspicion.

At round 3:45 PM on Could 11, 1998, India efficiently examined three gadgets – the thermonuclear machine (Shakti I), the fission machine (Shakti II), and a sub-kiloton machine (Shakti III). On Could 13, India detonated two extra sub-kiloton gadgets – Shakti IV and V. India carried out 5 nuclear assessments. 

Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee later declared a nuclear state, turning into the sixth nation to hitch the “nuclear membership,” and the primary to take action with out being a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The NPT is a global treaty that goals to stop the proliferation of nuclear weapons and obtain nuclear disarmament, signed by the US, Russia, the UK, France, and China.

Nationwide Expertise Day

The celebration of Nationwide Expertise Day was began one yr later by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1999 to honor Indian scientists, engineers, and technologists, who labored for India’s scientific and technological development and ensured the profitable conduct of Pokhran assessments in Could 1998. Since then, Nationwide Expertise Day is noticed yearly on Could 11. It’s celebrated with a brand new and completely different theme yearly. This yr’s theme is “College to Startups- Igniting Younger Minds to Innovate”.

The twenty fifth Nationwide Expertise Day can be commemorated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi by inaugurating a programme at Pragati Maidan. The occasion will run from Could 11 to 14. Modi may also lay the muse stone and dedicate a number of scientific tasks price over Rs 5,800 crore to the nation. 

Could 11 Marks Many Vital Milestones

Even when Nationwide Expertise Day is well known to have a good time India’s second nuclear take a look at, the date is expounded to a number of different scientific milestones.

On Could 11, 1998, India accomplished the ultimate take a look at hearth of the Trishul missile, which was then inducted into service by the Indian Military and Indian Airforce. Trishul is a short-range, quick-reaction, surface-to-air missile and part of India’s Built-in Guided Missile Improvement Programme.

 On Could 11, 1998, the First indigenous plane “Hansa-3” was take a look at flown at Bangalore.

A number of important know-how initiatives have been launched on Nationwide Expertise Day through the years. 

Main Bulletins By Authorities On Nationwide Expertise Day

Nationwide Expertise Day has been utilized by the federal government as a venue for quite a few important bulletins and tasks within the fields of science and know-how. To encourage innovation and entrepreneurship within the nation, the federal government launched the Startup India initiative in 2016.

With a purpose to encourage innovation and entrepreneurship amongst younger Indians, the federal government established the Atal Innovation Mission in 2018.

With a purpose to set up a framework for analysis and improvement within the fields of cyber-physical methods, the Web of Issues, and synthetic intelligence, the federal government launched a brand new programme in 2018 known as the Nationwide Mission on Cyber-Bodily Techniques.

The Nationwide Analysis Basis, a brand new analysis fund that the federal government said can be established in 2019, intends to advance analysis and innovation within the nation.

The PM-STIAC (Prime Minister’s Science, Expertise, and Innovation Advisory Council) was established by the federal government in 2020 to supply recommendation to the Prime Minister on issues regarding science and know-how.

Additionally Learn: National Technology Day 2023: PM Modi To To Dedicate Scientific Projects Worth Rs 5,800 Crore

What’s On The Card This 12 months

The programme and celebrations marking Nationwide Expertise Day 2023 have a particular concentrate on Atal Innovation Mission (AIM). Highlighting the theme of this yr’s Nationwide Expertise Day, the AIM Pavilion will showcase a number of revolutionary tasks and supply a chance for the guests to witness stay tinkering classes, interact in tinkering actions, and witness excellent improvements and merchandise by startups.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the muse stone and dedicate to the nation a number of tasks associated to scientific and technological development within the nation, price greater than Rs 5,800 crore. 

Amongst these, he’ll lay the muse stone for Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory – India (LIGO-India), which can be one of many few laser interferometer gravitational wave observatories on the planet. Modi may also nearly dedicate ‘Uncommon Earth Everlasting Magnet Plant, Visakhapatnam’ to the nation, which can place India in a choose group of nations with the power to provide Uncommon Earth Everlasting Magnets. 

Recognition Of Indian Scientists

Nationwide Expertise Day can be an event to recognise and have a good time the contributions of Indian scientists and technologists in varied fields. 

To have a good time the Expertise Improvement Board (TDB), a statutory physique of the Division of Science and Expertise, Authorities of India by the advantage of its mandate, honours technological improvements which have helped within the nationwide development beneath the aegis of ‘Nationwide Expertise Award’ from the yr 1999. The second class for SSI items was launched in 2000, which was later renamed as ‘MSME’ class. Additional, as a way to acknowledge and reward the exceptional work accomplished by startup incubators, DST instituted the ‘Expertise Enterprise Incubator’ class in 2004.

From 2017 onwards, the ‘startup’ class has been launched to encourage & promote applied sciences developed by start-ups having the potential for commercialization. Equally, from 2021 onwards a brand new class for ‘Translational Analysis’ in Science and Expertise has been launched by TDB.

Image / Information Source

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *