Leaders of the US, India, Australia, and Japan did talk about the “challenge” posed by China through the first assembly of the Quad, and so they made clear that none of them have any “illusions” about Beijing, US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan has stated.
Addressing a White House briefing on Friday quickly after the historic digital Quad summit between US President Joe Biden, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, the highest American official stated the 4 leaders have agreed to carry an in-person summit later this yr.
The leaders addressed key regional points, together with freedom of navigation and freedom from coercion within the South and East China Seas, the North Korea nuclear subject, and the coup and violent repression in Myanmar, Jake Sullivan stated.
“Over the course of the meeting, a sense of optimism for the future, despite the hard times we’re in, was on full display.”
“The four leaders did discuss the challenge posed by China, and they made clear that none of them have any illusions about China, but today was not fundamentally about China,” Jake Sullivan stated forward of a vital assembly with prime Chinese officers.
Jake Sullivan, who together with the Secretary of State Antony Blinken are scheduled to fulfill their Chinese counterparts Yang Jiechi, a member of the Politburo of the ruling Communist Party of China, and State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Anchorage, Alaska on March 18-19.
“This is our effort to communicate clearly to the Chinese government how the United States intends to proceed at a strategic level, what we believe our fundamental interests and values are, and what our concerns with their activities are – whether it’s on Hong Kong, or Xinjiang, or in the Taiwan Strait – or, frankly, the issues that we heard today from our Quad partners: their coercion of Australia, their harassment around the Senkaku Islands, their aggression on the border with India,” Jake Sullivan stated.
The Quad summit passed off as China and India are concerned in a army standoff alongside the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in japanese Ladakh since May final yr. After prolonged rounds of talks, the 2 sides concurrently withdrew troops from the Pangong Lake space final month whereas talks are on for the withdrawal of troopers from the remainder of the friction factors alongside the LAC.
In a joint assertion, the Quad leaders pledged to strengthen cooperation on the “defining challenges of our time.”
“We bring diverse perspectives and are united in a shared vision for the free and open Indo-Pacific.? We strive for a region that is free, open, inclusive, healthy, anchored by democratic values, and unconstrained by coercion,” stated the joint assertion titled ‘The Spirit of the Quad”.
Jake Sullivan stated the 4 leaders additionally spoke to the competitors of fashions between autocracy and democracy and expressed their confidence that regardless of setbacks and imperfections, democracy is the perfect system to ship for individuals and to fulfill the financial, social, and technological challenges of the 21st century, he stated.
Jake Sullivan stated a lot of the main target throughout Friday’s Quad summit was on urgent world crises, together with local weather change and COVID-19. With respect to COVID-19, the 4 leaders made a large joint dedication, he instructed reporters.
“With Indian manufacturing, US technology, Japanese and American financing and Australian logistics capability, the Quad committed to delivering up to 1 billion doses to ASEAN, the Indo-Pacific and beyond by the end of 2022,” stated the highest American nationwide safety advisor.
The leaders additionally launched a set of working teams, together with an rising know-how group that may assist set requirements in key applied sciences like 5G and synthetic intelligence, and one other on our on-line world that may assist the 4 international locations meet this rising menace.
“These groups will deliver results by the time of the summit that will happen before the end of the year,” Jake Sullivan stated.
“The Quad is now a critical part of the architecture of the Indo-Pacific, and today’s summit also kicks off an intensive stretch of diplomacy in the region,” he stated.
Secretary of State Blinken and Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin will journey to Japan and South Korea to fulfill with their counterparts in a 2-plus-2 format, he famous.
“Make no mistake; today is a big day for American diplomacy. This summit is a big deal for the president and for the country, and we are looking forward to the work ahead,” Jake Sullivan stated.
Responding to a query, Jake Sullivan stated that the 4 leaders mentioned each the current cyber-attacks and semiconductors in the middle of the dialog.
The leaders agreed as a part of the rising know-how working group to take a look at this provide chain query, together with because it pertains to semiconductors, to be sure that they do not have shortages of important supplies going ahead, whether or not it is semiconductors or rare-earth.
He stated the impetus behind the brand new cyber working group isn’t just the SolarWinds incident or the Microsoft Exchange incident, each of which the United States is responding to with urgency, but additionally cyber-attacks which have hit Japan, India, and Australia simply up to now few weeks and months.
“This is a common challenge that we face from both state actors and non-state actors, and we do intend to make the Quad a central vehicle for cooperation on cyber,” Jake Sullivan added.