The scientists have argued that since India and Bangladesh reported the least variety of mutations and are neighbouring international locations to China, the Indian subcontinent could be the origin of the primary COVID-19 transmission
Battling world adversity over the coronavirus and bracing for a WHO inquiry over its origin, China on Friday claimed that simply because COVID-19 circumstances have been first reported in Wuhan doesn’t imply the contagion originated from the central Chinese metropolis.
A paper by researchers on the Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences suggests the virus existed on the Indian subcontinent earlier than the Wuhan outbreak in December final yr – however the idea is disputed.
The analysis, entitled ‘The Early Cryptic Transmission and Evolution of Sars-Cov-2 in Human Hosts’, challenges basic orthodoxy amongst scientists that the virus originated within the moist markets of Wuhan.
It was posted on SSRN.Com, the preprint platform of the medical journal The Lancet, on 17 November and bases its findings on analysis into strains of the virus supplied by 17 completely different international locations, studies The Financial Express.
As per Deccan Herald, the paper, which has not been peer-reviewed but, used a technique referred to as phylogenetic evaluation, a method the place scientists examine the mutations of the virus, to evaluate the origin of the coronavirus .
According to this phylogenetic evaluation, the tactic guidelines out Wuhan as a website of origin of the coronavirus however nominates Bangladesh, India, the US, Greece, Australia, Italy, Czech Republic, Russia, and Serbia as potential international locations.
As per the paper, since India and Bangladesh reported the least variety of mutations and are neighbouring international locations to China, the scientists have estimated that the Indian subcontinent could be the origin of the primary COVID-19 transmission.
The analysis, led by Dr Shen Libing, claimed the standard method to tracing the origin of coronavirus strains didn’t work because it used a bat virus found in Yunnan, southwest China, a number of years in the past.
Various retailers of the state-run Chinese media have been too been carrying studies in current days stating that plenty of imported meals merchandise from completely different international locations, together with a consignment of fish from India, have been discovered to have traces of the COVID-19 alleging that the virus could have entered China by means of international routes.
Asked whether or not that’s China’s official view too, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian informed a media briefing that regardless that China was the primary to report coronavirus however would not essentially imply China is the place the virus originated.
“So we believe the origin process is a complex scientific issue which requires joint efforts on COVID-19 cooperation from the scientific group worldwide. Only by doing so we will guard towards future dangers as a result of origin tracing is an evolving and sustained course of that includes many international locations and areas”, he stated.
His response got here because the World Health Organisation (WHO) crew to research the origin of the virus is because of arrive in China, regardless that Beijing is but to provide a timeline.
COVID-19 circumstances first emerged in Wuhan in December final yr earlier than turning into a worldwide pandemic with the worldwide loss of life toll crossing over 1.four million.
China in addition to denying the US allegations that the virus emerged from a secretive bio-lab in Wuhan additionally refuted allegations that it emanated from a moist market within the metropolis from bats or pangolins earlier than infecting people.
The market has been sealed off ever since.
In May, the World Health Assembly (WHA), the governing physique of the 194-member states of the WHO, authorized a decision to arrange an impartial inquiry to conduct an neutral, impartial and complete analysis” of the worldwide response in addition to that of WHO.
It additionally requested the WHO to research the “source of the virus and the route of introduction to the human population”.
China, which has backed the inquiry with a rider that it ought to begin after the coronavirus was introduced underneath management, stated it’s on the point of obtain the WHO consultants’ crew.
WHO emergency skilled Dr Mike Ryan informed the media early this week that his organisation has had assurances from China that a global area journey to research the origins of the brand new coronavirus will likely be organized as quickly as doable.
“We totally anticipate that we’ll have a crew on the bottom, Ryan was quoted as saying by the state-run CGTN on 25 November.
Ryan stated the Wuhan market, the place the virus is reported to have originated, is “likely to have been a point of amplification” of virus transmission, however whether or not that was by a human, animal, or environmental unfold just isn’t but recognized, the report quoted him saying.
He stated that there had been human circumstances that preceded that occasion, in line with the CGTN report.
With inputs from PTI