EPF Vs PPF Vs VPF: Which Is Most Suitable Scheme, All You Need To Know

Are you assured about your future monetary safety? It is by no means too early to begin discussing varied funding choices for retirement planning in at present’s fast-paced society. Whereas there are quite a few selections out there, government-backed retirement plans are sometimes thought-about safer. Three common choices for funding are the Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF), Worker Provident Fund (EPF), and Public Provident Fund (PPF). Every plan has its personal withdrawal guidelines, eligibility standards, and threat components. By understanding the small print and aligning them together with your monetary targets, you possibly can decide which scheme is extra appropriate in your wants. 

Now, let’s analyse the three choices to determine the higher alternative for maximizing returns.

Workers’ Provident Fund  

Worker Provident Fund (EPF) is a government-backed retirement financial savings scheme out there to salaried workers in India. It’s managed and controlled by the Workers’ Provident Fund Group (EPFO), which is below the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Underneath the EPF scheme, each the employer and the worker contribute a hard and fast proportion of the worker’s primary wage and dearness allowance to the fund. The present contribution price is 12 Per cent of the worker’s primary wage and dearness allowance. The contributions are deducted from the worker’s wage on a month-to-month foundation. Firms with greater than 20 workers should mandatorily adjust to the Worker Provident Fund (EPF) schemes of the federal government. The funds collected within the EPF account earn a specified price of curiosity, which is set by the federal government annually. The curiosity is compounded yearly and is tax-free. The EPF scheme goals to supply monetary safety and retirement advantages to workers by constructing a corpus over their working years.

EPF not solely serves as a retirement financial savings instrument but in addition gives different advantages resembling partial withdrawals for particular functions like buying a home, medical emergencies, or training. Moreover, the EPF scheme supplies life insurance coverage and incapacity insurance coverage protection to workers. Upon retirement, the worker can withdraw the collected funds from the EPF account. Alternatively, they’ll select to obtain a month-to-month pension (often known as the Workers’ Pension Scheme) if they’ve accomplished a minimal variety of years of service.

Additionally Learn: PPF Rates Cut: Govt Withdraws Order To Reduce Interest Rates On Small Savings Schemes

Public Provident Fund   

Public Provident Fund (PPF) is authorities’s long-term financial savings scheme provided particularly by means of authorised banks and publish workplaces. It’s designed to encourage people to avoid wasting for his or her retirement and construct a monetary cushion for the long run. PPF operates as a person account the place a person can open and preserve just one PPF account of their identify. The account has a lock-in interval of 15 years, which implies the funds deposited can’t be withdrawn totally till the completion of this era. Nonetheless, partial withdrawals are allowed from the seventh yr onwards with sure situations

Contributions made to the PPF account are eligible for tax advantages below Part 80C of the Revenue Tax Act. The minimal annual contribution required is Rs 500, whereas the utmost restrict is Rs 1.5 lakh per monetary yr. The curiosity earned on PPF deposits is set by the federal government and is at present tax-free.

The rate of interest for PPF is ready by the federal government on a quarterly foundation and is often increased than different fixed-income financial savings choices. The curiosity is compounded yearly, and the collected steadiness grows over time. The PPF account will be prolonged past the preliminary 15-year interval in blocks of 5 years. The speed of curiosity at present stands at 7.1 per cent.  

Additionally Learn: EPFO Extends Deadline Till June 26 To File Application For Higher Pension

Voluntary Provident Fund  

The Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) is an extension of the Worker Provident Fund (EPF) scheme. It’s out there to salaried workers already contributing to their EPF accounts. VPF permits workers to voluntarily contribute the next proportion of their wage in direction of their EPF financial savings. Whereas EPF contributions are necessary and have a hard and fast price of 12 per cent of the worker’s primary wage and dearness allowance, VPF permits workers to contribute a further quantity voluntarily. The worker can select the share of their wage they want to contribute as VPF, topic to sure limits.

You will need to observe that VPF contributions are topic to the identical withdrawal guidelines and rules as EPF. The collected funds within the VPF account will be withdrawn upon retirement or below particular circumstances resembling resignation, unemployment, or monetary emergencies, as per the EPF withdrawal guidelines.

VPF is a voluntary financial savings choice for EPF contributors who want to improve their retirement corpus by rising their contribution proportion. It permits people to have larger management over their financial savings and construct a bigger fund for his or her post-employment years.

Which is extra appropriate for you?

If you’re a salaried worker you would possibly already be contributing to the EPF, nonetheless, those that are rising their retirement financial savings can contribute extra by means of the VPF scheme or select PPF individually. The choice depends upon the person’s funding and return expectations. The speed of return for VPF is 8.5 per cent and for PPF its 7.1 per cent.

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