Europe skilled its hottest 12 months on report final 12 months, whereas the Arctic suffered a summer season of utmost wildfires partly on account of low snow cowl as local weather change impacts intensified, the European Union’s remark service mentioned on Thursday.
As world leaders ready to brandish their plans to battle local weather change at a U.S.-led summit on Thursday, EU scientists issued a stark reminder that the impacts of a hotter world are already right here.
Europe’s common annual temperature in 2020 was the very best on report and no less than 0.Four levels Celsius above the following 5 warmest years — all of which came about within the final decade, the Copernicus Earth remark service mentioned.
“Temperatures are increasing in all seasons in Europe,” mentioned Freja Vamborg, senior scientist at Copernicus.
Copernicus’ temperature data return to 1950. But final 12 months was additionally Europe’s hottest on report when checked towards datasets starting in 1850, it mentioned.
It was the most popular winter on report, at 3.Four levels Celsius above the typical European winter temperature seen throughout 1981-2020.
It was additionally Europe’s warmest autumn, whereas summer season heatwaves weren’t as intense or extended as lately, regardless of pockets of record-breaking warmth in locations together with Scandinavia and France.
Meanwhile, the Arctic noticed a “spectacular year”, Vamborg mentioned, pointing to a summer season of record-breaking wildfires in Arctic Siberia, which have been exacerbated by excessive temperatures and lower-than-average snow cowl.
The common temperature in Arctic Siberia final 12 months broke data by a big margin at 4.Three levels Celsius above the 1981-2020 common.
Globally, Copernicus Earth mentioned 2020 was one of many world’s three hottest years on report, confirming findings launched this week by the World Meteorological Organization.
The EU on Wednesday set a goal to slash emissions sooner this decade, and the United States is anticipated to do the identical on Thursday, mountain climbing the strain on international locations together with China and India.
Currently, international locations’ mixed pledges fall far wanting the fast emissions cuts scientists say are wanted to restrict warming to 1.5 levels above pre-industrial ranges and stave off essentially the most extreme impacts of local weather change.
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